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Table 6 Estimation of working time patterns—duration of work and atypical working hours

From: COVID-19 and the labour market: What are the working conditions in critical jobs?

  Linear regression (OLS) Multinomial logistic regression (Base outcome: Working hours usually between 07:00 and 19:00) Multinomial logistic regression (Base outcome: No weekend work)
  Weekly overtime (in hours) (Coef.) Only early or late shift work (AME) Shift work without night work ( AME) Shift work and night work (AME) Work on Saturdays (AME) Working on Saturdays and Sundays (AME)
Critical job (1 = yes) 0.493*** (0.109) 0.024*** (0.007) 0.025*** (0.006) 0.034*** (0.006) 0.005 (0.009) 0.115*** (0.010)
Sociodemographic characteristics x x x x x x
Job characteristics x x x x x x
Structural characteristics x x x x x x
Number of observations 7,268 7,214 7,214 7,214 6,934 6,934
R2/Pseudo R2 0.081 0.212 0.212 0.212 0.131 0.131
  1. The table shows the estimates obtained from the regression model indicated in Eq. (2). The estimations also include the sociodemographic, job-related and structural characteristics (without occupational segments) presented in model 3 of Table 3 as control variables. AMEs are the average marginal effects. Cluster-robust standard errors for 144 occupational groups in parentheses; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. Source: Working Time Survey 2019; own calculations