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Table 9 Educational mismatches in the current job. Only wage-earners workers (excluding self-employment). Average marginal effects

From: Mapping the (mis)match of university degrees in the graduate labor market

  No mismatch Horizontal mismatch Vertical mismatch Vertical and horizontal mismatch
  dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err
University degrees (narrow fields of education)
 Architecture − 0.0046 0.0811 − 0.0624 0.0801 0.0140 0.0524 0.0530 0.0576
 Biology − 0.2496 0.0610 0.0971 0.0480 0.0478 0.0435 0.1047 0.0472
 Business Studies − 0.2766 0.0609 0.0549 0.0485 0.1419 0.0424 0.0798 0.0472
 Chemistry − 0.1004 0.0620 0.0963 0.0482 0.0582 0.0434 − 0.0541 0.0497
 Engineering 0.0248 0.0603 0.0741 0.0475 0.0458 0.0423 − 0.1448 0.0481
 Fine Arts − 0.3855 0.0690 0.0815 0.0527 0.1329 0.0455 0.1711 0.0516
 History and Philosophy − 0.3392 0.0610 0.1822 0.0472 − 0.0401 0.0454 0.1971 0.0463
 Journalism − 0.2792 0.0600 0.1283 0.0474 0.0429 0.0428 0.1081 0.0464
 Labor Relations − 0.3321 0.0631 0.0848 0.0488 0.0757 0.0442 0.1717 0.0479
 Languages and Literature − 0.1297 0.0614 0.1083 0.0477 − 0.0433 0.0455 0.0648 0.0472
 Law Studies − 0.1508 0.0606 0.0584 0.0481 0.0524 0.0430 0.0401 0.0472
 Management and Economics Studies − 0.1568 0.0598 0.0752 0.0476 0.0991 0.0421 − 0.0175 0.0468
 Mathematics − 0.1036 0.0645 0.0959 0.0490 − 0.0028 0.0471 0.0105 0.0506
 Medicine 2.0203 0.0841 0.1181 0.0801 0.1033 0.0632 − 2.2417 0.0590
 Nursing Studies 0.0964 0.0606 0.0080 0.0485 − 0.0101 0.0431 − 0.0943 0.0476
 Pharmacy − 0.0907 0.0628 0.1044 0.0483 0.0452 0.0440 − 0.0589 0.0503
 Physics − 0.0195 0.0667 0.0975 0.0494 − 0.0075 0.0485 − 0.0704 0.0547
 Political Science and Sociology − 0.3081 0.0642 0.1314 0.0483 0.0477 0.0458 0.1290 0.0492
 Psychology − 0.1891 0.0606 0.0893 0.0477 0.0092 0.0436 0.0905 0.0468
 Quantity Surveyors − 0.1492 0.0625 0.0528 0.0489 0.0058 0.0450 0.0907 0.0479
 Social Work − 0.2775 0.0617 0.0504 0.0489 0.0339 0.0441 0.1932 0.0468
 Sports Science − 0.2613 0.0627 0.0964 0.0487 0.1369 0.0429 0.0280 0.0496
 Teacher Studies − 0.1665 0.0591 0.0540 0.0473 0.0699 0.0420 0.0426 0.0459
 Technical Engineering − 0.1423 0.0593 0.0758 0.0473 0.0605 0.0420 0.0060 0.0462
 Tourism Studies − 0.3774 0.0613 0.1129 0.0480 0.1261 0.0428 0.1385 0.0472
 Veterinary 0.1795 0.0769 0.0179 0.0574 − 0.0707 0.0585 − 0.1268 0.0630
 Other university degrees Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Control variables
 Female (= 1) − 0.0114 0.0074 − 0.0073 0.0043 0.0021 0.0046 0.0166 0.0061
 Master’s degree (= 1 yes) 0.0620 0.0075 − 0.0006 0.0043 − 0.0232 0.0050 − 0.0381 0.0061
 Age (under 30 years old) 0.0502 0.0080 − 0.0124 0.0049 − 0.0159 0.0049 − 0.0219 0.0065
 Age (from 30 to 34 years old) Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Age (35 years old or older) − 0.0147 0.0105 0.0439 0.0052 − 0.0107 0.0067 − 0.0186 0.0085
  1. Dependent variable: mismatchcurrentjob
  2. In bolditalics, marginal effects that have a positive and statistically significant contribution to the probability of being well-matched or mismatched in the current job at a significance level of 0.05 (5%). In italics, for a significance level of 10%
  3. Standard errors for average marginal effects are computed by the Stata margins command using the Delta-method
  4. Model VCE: Robust
  5. Number of obs. = 18,660
  6. Except for rounding errors, the sum of the marginal effects for the four categories must be 0
  7. Source: author's estimates