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Table 2 Overview of variables up to wave 7

From: Development of a new COVID-19 panel survey: the IAB high-frequency online personal panel (HOPP)

Variables Wave
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Covid-19 situation        
Attitudes towards easing of Corona policy measures: Opening public facilities/opening restaurants, cafés and bars/opening sports facilities/cancelling event ban of events up to 100 participants/cancelling general exit restrictions   X      
Attitudes towards Corona policy measures: Closure of schools, kindergartens/prohibiting private parties/closure of recreational, cultural facilities/closure of sports facilities/contact restrictions/waiver of private travel/prohibiting of spectators at professional sports/closure of bars, clubs, pubs/closure of restaurants, cafés/14-day quarantine in case of infection/wearing of masks outdoors/wearing of masks on public transport, stores/none of these measures appropriate       X X
Informed about the Corona policy measures in force in my region       X X
Germany-wide uniform Corona measures useful       X X
Social inclusion and democracy        
Position in society        X
Trust towards: federal government/state government/political parties/Federal Constitutional Court/ press, media/social media/police/science and research/health policy        X
Political party preference        X
Life satisfaction and worries        
Current situation: Worried about … own health/health of relatives/financial situation/economic situation X X X X X X X
Satisfaction with … health/sleep/free time/family life/contacts to friends and acquaintances/democracy in Germany/Crisis management of the government X X X X X   X
General life satisfaction X X X X X   X
Satisfaction with current professional activity       X X
Employment        
Current employment status: employed (> 450 Euro per month)/employed (< 450 Euro per month)/self-employed (wave 1-5), self-employed, with employees (wave 6, 7)/self-employed, without employee (wave 6, 7)/unemployed/housewife (husband)/maternity protection status, parental leave/partial retirement (“work phase”)/partial retirement (“release phase”)/retired, early retirement/school, vocational training, apprenticeship/student/federal voluntary service, voluntary military service/other X X X X X X X
Contact frequency with people (not including colleagues) in professional activity       X X
Restrictions in professional activity since March 2020       X  
Current restrictions in professional activity       X X
Employment lost: No/employment (> 450 euros/month)/employment (< 450 Euro/month)/self-employment X       
New employment found / employment restarted   X      
Worries about job loss   X X X   X X
Current employment status (partner)   X X X X X X
Supervisor: respects privacy/has understanding for family situation/supports me getting ahead professionally/is role model of how to be successful professionally and privately/knows how much work I do     X    
Worries about future career     X    
Concerns about opportunities regarding education, vocational or further training     X    
Employment with fixed-term contract       X X
Employment at temporary employment agency       X X
Main breadwinner: Current situation      X   
Main breadwinner: Before pandemic      X   
Supervisor function        X
Span of responsibility        X
Norms in employer-employee relationship        
Own attitude towards norms: avoiding short-time work in case of financial reserves of company/supplementing short-time work benefits in case of financial reserves in company/home office also for unfinished tasks (without children)/home office also for unfinished tasks (with children)/obligation to notify employees of where they are going on vacation        X
Presumed attitude majority of employees: avoiding short-time work in case of financial reserves of company/supplementing short-time work benefits in case of financial reserves in company/home office also for unfinished tasks (without children)/home office also for unfinished tasks (with children)/obligation to notify employees of where they are going on vacation        X
Working hours        
Working hours before Corona, per week X     X   
Working hours last working week X X X X X X X
Overtime last working week, hours       X X
Partner’s working hours last working week    X X X X X
Possibility home office X X X X X X X
Possibility home office (partner)    X X X X X
Working hours home office before Corona, per week X     X   
Working hours home office last working week X X X X X X X
Partner’s working hours home office last working week    X X X X X
Home office within normal working hours or during free time     X   X  
Home office before start of Corona crisis     X    
Home office and work-life-balance        
No home office before pandemic because … employer did not allow it/supervisors did not allow it/technical requirements were not met/preconditions at home were not given/professional activities from home are not possible/worsening of promotion prospects feared / presence important to superiors/wanted to separate work and privatelife/preferred working from home/other professional reasons/other private reasons     X    
Current situation: Not working from home because … employer does not allow it/supervisors do not allow it/technical requirements are not met/preconditions at home are not given/professional activities from home are not possible/other professional reasons/other private reasons     X   X X
Last working week: Not worked from home because … employer did not allow it/supervisors did not allow it/technical requirements were not met/preconditions at home were not given/professional activities from home are not possible/worsening of promotion prospects feared/presence important to superiors/wanted to separate work and private life/preferred working from home/other professional reasons/other private reasons     X   X X
Previous experiences: Home office … is burdensome/is stressful/is an enrichment/helps to manage tasks/helps to cope with work demands/helps to make better use of time/helps to balance work and personal life     X   X  
Preferences: How many days/week home office in the future     X    
Work-life balance 1: Private concerns make it difficult for me to concentrate on work/after work, lack of energy for private activities/miss out on leisure activities due to workload      X   
Work-life balance 2: Work demands interfere with private life/time demands of work make it difficult to meet private commitments/stress at work makes it difficult to meet private commitments/time spent on private demands leads to postponement of work/unfinished work due to family/partner demands/private life impaired by work obligations       X  
Short-time work        
Short-time work: Current receipt of short-time work benefits X X X X X X X
Share of short-time work (in total working time) X   X X X X X
Employer subsidy for short-time work benefits X       
Employer subsidy (wording changed compared to wave 1)    X X X X X
Short-time work (partner): Current receipt of short-time work benefits    X X X X X
Short-time work since start of Corona crisis       X X
Abuse short-time work (crosswise 1): Mother’s birthday in January/February & worked more than billing for short-time work       X X
Abuse of short-time work (crosswise 2): Father’s birthday in January/February & same amount of work as before despite short-time work       X X
Abuse of short-time work (crosswise 3): Mother’s birthday in a leap year & Short-time work although dismissal is announced       X X
Abuse of short-time work (direct): Worked more than short-time allowance/Same amount of work as before despite short-time work/Short-time work although dismissal is announced       X X
New professional/voluntary/other activities during short-time work: No/employment (> 450 euros/month)/employment (< 450 euros/month)/self-employment/planning self-employment/further training/voluntary work/other   X    X   
Financial benefits        
Currently receiving or recently applied for: Unemployment benefits (“ALG”)/Means-tested basic income (“ALG II”)/housing benefit/other benefit X       
Already received before or since Corona crisis: Unemployment benefits (“ALG”)/Means-tested basic income (“ALG II”)/housing benefit/other benefit X       
Further training        
Further training since begin of Corona crisis in March 2020: Courses/Information events/Self-directed learning/learning opportunities during work/none    X     
Further training already planned or started before Corona crisis    X     
Planned further training not possible due to Corona crisis    X     
Further training: Reasons why participation possible despite Corona crisis    X     
Further training: Reasons why participation impossible due to Corona crisis    X     
Further training: Changed importance since Corona crisis    X     
Change of activities in current job    X     
Job insecurity and consumer behavior        
How much to spend from unexpected amount of money    X X X X X
Probability of unemployment in the next 3 months (employed)    X X X X X
Probability of finding a job in the next 3 months (unemployed)    X X X X X
Household characteristics        
Household size X     X X  
Living together with spouse/partner X       
Number of children under 18 in household X     X X  
Monthly net household income X    X X   
Change in monthly net household income (compared to February 2020) X     X   
Household: Living (with) … alone/spouse/partner/children under 18/other related persons/other non-related persons   X (X) (X) X (X) (X)
Year of birth of child 1–4 (children under 18, living in household)   X (X) (X) X (X) (X)
Childcare and couples’ division of childcare and housework        
Childcare (before Corona crisis): Full day   X      
Childcare (current situation): Full day   X    X X X
Childcare (before Corona crisis): Half-day   X      
Childcare (current situation): Half-day   X    X X X
Organization of childcare before the Corona crisis (respondents with partner)   X      
Organization of childcare current situation (respondents with partner)   X X X X X X
Organization childcare before Corona crisis (respondents without partner)   X      
Organization of childcare current situation (respondents without partner)   X X X X X X
Childcare: Change in burden due to Corona crisis X       
Childcare: Change in time load in the last 2 weeks   X X X X   
Childcare: Hours on average working day        X
Emergency childcare during lockdown: In March 2020/in April 2020/no emergency care      X   
Couples’ division of housework (before Corona): Housework/shopping, running errands/repairs/financial affairs, visits to authorities/childcare   X      
Couples’ division of housework (current situation): Housework/shopping, running errands/repairs/financial affairs, visits to authorities/childcare   X X X X   
Care of relatives   X      
Care of relatives: Change in burden due to Corona crisis   X      
Socio-demographic variables        
Gender X       
Year of birth X       
Highest school degree X       
Highest vocational degree X       
University degree X       
Born in Germany X       
Year of arrival X       
Citizenship: German/other EU country/non-EU country X       
Parents born outside Germany X       
Residence State       X  
Living space   X      
Additional space at place of residence: Balcony, terrace/yard/garden/none   X      
Health        
Health status last four weeks       X X
Frequency of feelings in last 4 weeks: Angry/Anxious/Happy/Sad   X X X X   
Frequency of feelings of social isolation: Company of others is missing/left out/socially isolated   X X X X X X
Feelings regarding childcare: Tired, exhausted/overwhelmed/get along well/worried about children’s health   X    X   X
Health during last 4 weeks: depressed, gloomy/calm, balanced/a lot of energy/severe physical pain/accomplished less in everyday life due to physical health/less active at work due to health/accomplished less in everyday life due to mental health/less active at work due to health/limited social contact due to mental health       X X
  1. X question asked in respective wave, (X) question asked only if no data from previous wave available