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Table 11 Summary statistics, Western sample

From: Broadband internet availability and establishments’ employment growth in Germany: evidence from instrumental variables estimations

Establishment level Count Mean SD Min Max
Manufacturing
Log empl. growth rate 14,823 − 0.012 0.262 − 1.099 0.811
Full-time employment 14,823 13.580 49.362 1.000 1377.000
Log full-time empl. (estab.) 14,823 1.480 1.247 0.000 7.228
Log median wage (estab.) 14,823 4.239 0.399 2.319 5.208
Young estab. 14,823 0.060 0.238 0.000 1.000
Mid-age estab. 14,823 0.344 0.475 0.000 1.000
Share high-skilled (occ.) 14,823 0.054 0.145 0.000 1.000
Services
Log empl. growth rate 18,650 − 0.004 0.263 − 1.099 0.827
Full-time employment 18,650 6.867 21.668 1.000 732.000
Log full-time empl. (estab.) 18,650 1.062 1.086 0.000 6.596
Log median wage (estab.) 18,650 4.093 0.558 2.306 5.246
Young estab. 18,650 0.095 0.293 0.000 1.000
Mid-age estab. 18,650 0.404 0.491 0.000 1.000
Share high-skilled (occ.) 18,650 0.091 0.219 0.000 1.000
Municipality level
DSL availability 10,901 0.865 0.166 0.000 1.000
Distance to assigned MDF > 4200 m (IV) 10,901 0.374 0.484 0.000 1.000
Distance to MDF > 4200 m, population-weighted centroid (alternative IV) 10,356 0.283 0.450 0.000 1.000
Fraction of land area > 4200 m from MDF (alt. IV) 10,901 0.428 0.299 0.000 1.000
Log full-time empl., municip. 10,901 5.140 1.248 0.693 10.113
Log full-time empl. density, municip. 10,901 2.527 1.224 − 1.816 7.617
Log mean wage (full-time), municip. 10,901 4.339 0.172 2.913 5.137
Log full-time empl. growth rate, municip. 10,901 0.004 0.144 − 3.091 1.497
Share high-skilled (occ.), municip. 10,901 0.118 0.077 0.000 0.649
Own MDF (yes/no) 10,901 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Distance to assigned MDF 10,901 3875.177 1430.371 304.452 10,200.920
Distance to assigned MDF, pop.-w. centroid 10,901 3577.541 1557.988 25.692 10,093.380
Distance to nearest MDF 10,901 3744.732 1316.459 86.527 9988.840
Distance to nearest MDF, pop.-w. centroid 10,901 3343.899 1362.057 25.692 9338.061
  1. Data sources: Broadband Atlas Germany, Deutsche Telekom, Google Earth, Corine Land Cover database, BHP 7510