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Table 1 Sample overview

From: Broadband internet availability and establishments’ employment growth in Germany: evidence from instrumental variables estimations

  Western Germany Eastern Germany
IV = 0 IV = 1
Municipality-year obs. 6820 (62.6%) 4081 (37.4%) 9602
Municipalities 1482 (62.4%) 893 (37.6%) 2085
Establishment-year obs. 21,708 (64.9%) 11,765 (35.1%) 78,354
Establishments 5449 (64.8%) 2956 (35.2%) 19,758
Mean DSL availabilitya 0.893 0.817 0.742
  1. aMeasured at the municipality-year level. Data sources: Broadband Atlas Germany, Deutsche Telekom, BHP 7510