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Table 7 Characteristics of age, sex, educational level, national origin, parents’ highest occupational status and characteristics of the trajectory prior to the recession by type of trajectory

From: Youth unemployment and employment trajectories in Spain during the Great Recession: what are the determinants?

  Stable employment trajectory Non-salaried employment trajectory Temporary employment trajectory Precarious trajectory Total
Age group
20 24 years old
% row 21.9 5.8 26.3 46.0 100
Adjusted res. − 5.4 − 1.8 2.1 5.5  
25 29 years old
% row 38.9 5.5 24.9 30.8 100
Adjusted res. − 2.5 − 4.2 3.5 2.6  
30 34 years old
% row 50.6 14.2 15.1 20.1 100
Adjusted res. 5.7 5.1 − 4.6 − 5.8  
Sex
Female
% row 47.4 7.3 19.4 26.0 100
Adjusted res. 2.6 − 3.4 − 0.3 − 0.4  
Male
% row 40.3 12.9 19.9 26.9 100
Adjusted res. − 2.6 3.4 0.3 0.4  
Education      
Compulsory or less
% row 30.4 10.9 21.2 37.5 100
Adjusted res. − 6.9 0.5 0.9 6.6  
Post - compulsory secondary
% row 50.7 7.8 18.2 23.3 100
Adjusted res. 2.8 − 1.7 − 0.8 − 1.3  
Higher
% row 50.3 11.2 19.4 19.1 100
Adjusted res. 4.3 0.9 − 0.3 − 5.2  
National origin      
Born in Spain
% row 47.1 11.0 20.2 21.8 100
Adjusted res. 6.1 2.1 1.1 − 9.3  
Immigrant
% row 23.9 6.1 16.8 53.3 100
adjusted res. − 6.1 − 2.1 − 1.1 9.3  
Parents’ highest occupational status
Business owners and managers
% row 36.4 24.8 14.0 24.8 100
Adjusted res. − 1.6 5.5 − 1.7 − 0.5  
Scientific, intellectual and liberal professions
% row 52.9 8.7 14.5 23.9 100
Adjusted res. 2.5 − 0.7 − 1.7 − 0.8  
Middle management and technical employees
% row 43.1 13.9 18.1 25.0 100
Adjusted res. 0 1.5 − 0.6 − 0.5  
Skilled and semi - skilled workers
% row 43.4 8.5 23.1 25.1 100
Adjusted res. 0.3 − 2.6 3.2 − 1.5  
Low - skilled workers
% row 37.1 5.7 16.4 40.7 100
Adjusted res. − 1.5 − 1.9 − 1.1 4.0  
Stability in TPR
Experience of unemployment or unstable employment
% row 40.4 7.5 22.4 29.7 100
Adjusted res. − 5.4 − 7.5 5.6 6.1  
No experience of unemployment or unstable employment
% row 60.6 24.4 5.6 9.4 100
Adjusted res. 5.4 7.5 − 5.6 − 6.1  
Highest occupational status acquired TPR
Low - skilled job
% row 17.6 11.0 22.0 49.5 100
Adjusted res. − 5.5 0.0 0.4 6.1  
Skilled and semi - skilled job
% row 44.3 8.6 19.1 28.0 100
Adjusted res. − 0.8 − 2.8 − 1.0 3.9  
High - skilled job
% row 51.8 14.0 21.3 12.8 100
Adjusted res. 3.7 2.8 0.8 − 7.2  
Length TPR
0 2 years
% row 33.9 6.1 27.7 32.3 100
Adjusted res. − 4.5 − 3.1 4.7 3.0  
3 5 years
% row 48.0 11.3 15.5 25.1 100
Adjusted res. 1.9 0.7 − 2.3 − 0.6  
6 years or more
% row 47.3 12.3 16.9 23.5 100
Adjusted res. 2.4 2.2 − 2.2 − 2.2  
Total
% row 43.6 10.3 19.7 26.4 100
  1. Percentages and adjusted residuals
  2. Calculated by authors based on the 2012 Catalan Youth Survey data