Skip to main content

Table 2 Contributions of skill groups to changes in employment shares (pp) across the occupational distribution

From: The anatomy of job polarisation in the UK

  All Graduates Non-graduates Natives Immigrants
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15)
Total Between Within Total Between Within Total Between Within Total Between Within Total Between Within
1979–2012
 Bottom 3.5 − 8.9 12.4 3.9 3.1 0.8 − 0.4 − 12.0 11.6 0.6 − 10.1 10.7 2.9 1.2 1.7
 Middle − 19.3 − 7.2 − 12.0 9.0 8.3 0.7 − 28.3 − 15.5 − 12.7 − 20.6 − 10.3 − 10.4 1.4 3.0 − 1.7
 Top 15.8 16.2 − 0.4 15.0 16.6 − 1.5 0.7 − 0.4 1.2 11.9 12.3 − 0.4 3.8 3.9 0.0
1979–1989
 Bottom 0.9 − 2.2 3.1 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.5 − 2.6 3.1 0.6 − 2.2 2.8 0.3 0.0 0.3
 Middle − 5.9 − 1.3 − 4.5 1.2 1.1 0.1 − 7.1 − 2.4 − 4.6 − 5.5 − 1.5 − 4.0 − 0.4 0.1 − 0.6
 Top 5.0 3.6 1.4 2.4 2.5 − 0.1 2.6 1.1 1.5 4.4 3.2 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.3
1989–1999
 Bottom 1.0 − 4.2 5.2 0.3 0.7 − 0.4 0.7 − 4.9 5.6 0.9 − 4.1 5.0 0.1 − 0.1 0.3
 Middle − 6.6 − 2.4 − 4.2 3.6 2.9 0.7 − 10.2 − 5.4 − 4.8 − 6.4 − 2.7 − 3.7 − 0.2 0.3 − 0.5
 Top 5.6 6.6 − 1.1 6.2 6.4 − 0.3 − 0.6 0.2 − 0.8 4.6 6.0 − 1.3 0.9 0.7 0.2
1999–2009
 Bottom 0.3 − 3.0 3.3 1.8 0.7 1.1 − 1.5 − 3.7 2.2 − 1.6 − 4.2 2.6 1.9 1.2 0.7
 Middle − 4.9 − 1.4 − 3.5 2.6 2.7 − 0.2 − 7.5 − 4.1 − 3.3 − 6.6 − 3.2 − 3.3 1.7 1.8 − 0.2
 Top 4.6 4.3 0.2 4.5 5.4 − 0.9 0.1 − 1.0 1.1 3.0 2.3 0.7 1.6 2.1 − 0.5
  1. Results from a shift-share analysis
  2. The table reports the total by education groups from the shift-share analysis with 48 skill groups. Immigrants are defined as foreign-born workers