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Table 8 Educational mismatches in the first job after graduation. Only wage-earners workers (excluding self-employment). Average marginal effects

From: Mapping the (mis)match of university degrees in the graduate labor market

  No mismatch Horizontal mismatch Vertical mismatch Vertical and horizontal mismatch
  dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err
University degrees (narrow fields of education)
 Architecture 0.0377 0.0583 − 0.0582 0.0382 0.0410 0.0490 − 0.0206 0.0530
 Biology − 0.1630 0.0468 0.0030 0.0239 0.0509 0.0416 0.1091 0.0418
 Business Studies − 0.2663 0.0472 − 0.0247 0.0251 0.1848 0.0407 0.1062 0.0421
 Chemistry − 0.0607 0.0477 0.0044 0.0244 0.0828 0.0416 − 0.0265 0.0435
 Engineering 0.0629 0.0460 0.0114 0.0231 0.1008 0.0404 − 0.1752 0.0424
 Fine Arts − 0.3210 0.0549 − 0.0349 0.0313 0.1552 0.0438 0.2007 0.0464
 History and Philosophy − 0.2702 0.0469 0.0910 0.0227 − 0.0323 0.0428 0.2116 0.0412
 Journalism − 0.2000 0.0459 0.0328 0.0231 0.0606 0.0408 0.1065 0.0411
 Labor Relations − 0.2700 0.0497 0.0146 0.0250 0.1144 0.0424 0.1411 0.0437
 Languages and Literature − 0.0202 0.0473 0.0197 0.0234 − 0.0615 0.0437 0.0620 0.0420
 Law Studies − 0.0794 0.0467 − 0.0010 0.0239 0.0386 0.0416 0.0419 0.0420
 Management and Economics Studies − 0.1397 0.0456 0.0030 0.0233 0.1259 0.0403 0.0107 0.0412
 Mathematics 0.0185 0.0516 0.0322 0.0245 − 0.0231 0.0472 − 0.0276 0.0467
 Medicine 0.5364 0.0623 − 0.0686 0.0351 − 0.1667 0.0602 − 0.3012 0.0598
 Nursing Studies 0.1850 0.0462 − 0.0349 0.0244 − 0.0052 0.0412 − 0.1449 0.0422
 Pharmacy − 0.0633 0.0486 0.0422 0.0240 0.0777 0.0422 − 0.0566 0.0447
 Physics 0.0872 0.0527 0.0159 0.0254 − 0.0456 0.0490 − 0.0575 0.0481
 Political Science and Sociology − 0.2732 0.0515 0.0533 0.0241 0.0647 0.0445 0.1551 0.0447
 Psychology − 0.1524 0.0467 0.0333 0.0236 0.0199 0.0418 0.0992 0.0417
 Quantity Surveyors − 0.0108 0.0487 − 0.0372 0.0261 − 0.0048 0.0438 0.0528 0.0434
 Social Work − 0.2353 0.0477 0.0085 0.0247 0.0475 0.0421 0.1793 0.0420
 Sports Science − 0.2351 0.0492 0.0041 0.0256 0.1905 0.0412 0.0404 0.0443
 Teacher Studies − 0.1937 0.0450 0.0075 0.0230 0.1209 0.0401 0.0652 0.0405
 Technical Engineering − 0.1030 0.0450 − 0.0037 0.0229 0.1026 0.0401 0.0042 0.0407
 Tourism Studies − 0.3350 0.0477 0.0325 0.0240 0.1671 0.0409 0.1354 0.0423
 Veterinary 0.1734 0.0570 − 0.0619 0.0382 − 0.0361 0.0505 − 0.0753 0.0519
 Other university degrees Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Control variables
 Female (= 1) − 0.0024 0.0068 − 0.0108 0.0033 0.0043 0.0047 0.0088 0.0060
 Internship (= 1 yes) 0.0200 0.0073 − 0.0266 0.0036 0.0134 0.0052 -0.0069 0.0065
  1. Dependent variable: mismatchfirstjob
  2. In bolditalics, marginal effects that have a positive and statistically significant contribution to the probability of being well-matched or mismatched in the first job at a significance level of 0.05 (5%). In italics, for a significance level of 10%
  3. Standard errors for average marginal effects are computed by the Stata margins command using the Delta-method
  4. Model VCE: Robust
  5. Number of obs. = 24,314
  6. Except for rounding errors, the sum of the marginal effects for the four categories must be 0
  7. Source: author's estimates