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Table 3 Distribution of educational (mis)match in the labor market for university graduates in Spain

From: Mapping the (mis)match of university degrees in the graduate labor market

  First job Current job
  Freq Percent Freq Percent
Educational (mis)match     
No mismatch 13,899 57.16 12,387 66.38
Horizontal mismatch 1,422 5.85 1,379 7.39
Vertical mismatch 3,166 13.02 1,725 9.24
Vertical and horizontal mismatch 5,827 23.97 3,169 16.98
Total 24,314 100.00 18,660 100.00
  1. The sub-samples analyzed include only wage-earners workers. See footnote 19 for further details
  2. Source: author's calculations from EILU2014