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Table 5 Descriptive statistics (before multiple imputation)

From: The social stigma of unemployment: consequences of stigma consciousness on job search attitudes, behaviour and success

Variable Obs. Mean Std. dev. Min. Max.
Outcome variables
 Life satisfaction 1276 5.77 2.08 0 10
 Health satisfaction 1277 5.42 2.59 0 10
 Self-assessed employment chances 1263 1.83 0.93 1 4
 Value of employment 1269 − 0.04 1.09 − 3.50 1.39
 Active job search 1278 0.52   0 1
 Number of job search methods 1278 1.75 1.96 0 7
 Search intensity 1278 4.77 5.51 0 24
 Hours searching 1269 3.21 6.16 0 70
 Number of applications 1268 3.60 7.77 0 94
 Number of interviews 1276 0.27 0.98 0 15
 Found job 1573 0.14   0 1
Focal independent variable
 Stigma consciousness 1278 5.12 1.81 0 10
Independent variables
 Sample (1, if welfare benefit sample) 1278 0.94   0 1
 Employment status preceding wave 1082     
  Employed   0.15   0 1
  Unemployed   0.84   0 1
  Out of the labour force   0.01   0 1
 Male 1278 0.56   0 1
 Unemployment duration (in years) 1265 5.05 4.86 0.08 43.25
 Number of previous unemployment episodes 1265 1.41 0.87 1 7
 Age 1278 46.46 11.91 18 64
Migration background 1243 0.24   0 1
 Education (CASMIN) 1276     
  Elementary   0.50   0 1
  Secondary   0.30   0 1
  Maturity   0.10   0 1
  Tertiary   0.10   0 1
 Married 1273 0.26   0 1
 Household size 1278 2.00 1.29 1 9
 Household income (in 100 €) 1273 10.56 6.38 0 90
 West Germany 1278 0.59   0 1
 Integration agreement 667     
  Agreement signed   0.78   0 1
  Agreement not signed   0.16   0 1
  Does not apply (not sgb II)   0.06   0 1
 Experiences with job center (negative to positive) 864 − 0.02 1.01 − 1.94 2.19
 Self-efficacy 1278 10.95 2.70 2 20
 Big five personality traits      
  Extraversion 873 13.37 3.53 3 20
  Agreeableness 872 11.40 2.89 4 20
  Conscientiousness 872 14.27 1.95 7 20
  Neuroticism 872 11.10 2.03 5 17
  Openness to experience 872 18.35 3.76 7 25
 Initial life satisfaction 1077 5.63 2.28 0 10
 Initial health 1077 5.44 2.61 0 10
 Initial active job search (yes) 1074 0.52   0 1
 Initial number of job search methods 1058 1.43 1.93 0 7
 Initial number of job interviews 1058 0.20 1.16 0 28
  1. Descriptive statistics are reported for the sample of potential job seekers except for the variable “Found job”