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Table 14 Effects of unemployment stigma on job search effort (H5) and success (H6) without imputation

From: The social stigma of unemployment: consequences of stigma consciousness on job search attitudes, behaviour and success

  H5a/b: Job search effort H6a/b: Job search success
Model 1a Model 2b Model 3a Model 4b Model 5b Model 6b Model 7a
Active job search (yes) Number methods Search intensity Hours searched Number applications Number interviews Job (yes)
Stigma consciousness (0–10) 0.022**
(0.008)
0.054**
(0.021)
0.248**
(0.090)
0.062#
(0.037)
0.051
(0.038)
0.060
(0.056)
− 0.007
(0.005)
Sample (R: population sample) 0.053
(0.061)
0.162
(0.153)
0.965
(0.600)
0.436#
(0.226)
0.269
(0.288)
1.193*
(0.529)
0.003
(0.035)
Employment status at wave 6 (R: employed)
 Unemployed − 0.042
(0.044)
0.010
(0.094)
− 0.027
(0.475)
0.211
(0.141)
0.026
(0.185)
− 0.081
(0.245)
− 0.151***
(0.032)
 Out of the labour force 0.061
(0.137)
− 0.144
(0.303)
0.376
(1.823)
0.248
(0.442)
− 1.011*
(0.400)
− 0.341
(0.558)
0.024
(0.123)
Male 0.018
(0.031)
0.034
(0.074)
0.344
(0.347)
0.176
(0.115)
0.092
(0.144)
0.550**
(0.212)
0.018
(0.019)
Unemployment duration (years) − 0.013***
(0.003)
− 0.044***
(0.010)
− 0.151***
(0.034)
− 0.066***
(0.015)
− 0.080***
(0.017)
− 0.159***
(0.037)
− 0.004*
(0.002)
Number of previous unemployment episodes 0.011
(0.020)
0.017
(0.044)
0.119
(0.236)
0.035
(0.066)
− 0.001
(0.075)
0.014
(0.150)
0.054***
(0.015)
Age 0.047***
(0.011)
0.124***
(0.029)
0.439***
(0.121)
0.200***
(0.044)
0.130**
(0.050)
0.097
(0.073)
0.006
(0.007)
Age2 − 0.001***
(0.000)
− 0.002***
(0.000)
− 0.006***
(0.001)
− 0.002***
(0.001)
− 0.002**
(0.001)
− 0.002#
(0.001)
− 0.000
(0.000)
Migration background − 0.027
(0.038)
− 0.016
(0.093)
− 0.143
(0.428)
0.231
(0.141)
0.066
(0.165)
0.155
(0.206)
0.021
(0.025)
Education (R: elementary) (CASMIN)
 Secondary 0.041
(0.038)
0.207*
(0.086)
0.899*
(0.415)
0.252#
(0.146)
− 0.093
(0.161)
− 0.051
(0.251)
0.007
(0.023)
 Maturity 0.083
(0.056)
0.299*
(0.125)
1.095#
(0.648)
0.190
(0.200)
0.208
(0.250)
0.329
(0.290)
− 0.062*
(0.031)
 Tertiary 0.139**
(0.053)
0.363**
(0.117)
1.750**
(0.607)
0.358*
(0.171)
0.285
(0.236)
− 0.185
(0.297)
0.091*
(0.036)
Married − 0.066
(0.042)
− 0.108
(0.106)
− 0.412
(0.470)
− 0.132
(0.164)
− 0.225
(0.205)
0.150
(0.241)
− 0.004
(0.027)
Household size − 0.002
(0.017)
− 0.038
(0.046)
− 0.190
(0.194)
− 0.119#
(0.061)
− 0.010
(0.094)
0.030
(0.104)
0.004
(0.012)
Household income 0.005#
(0.003)
0.015#
(0.008)
0.068#
(0.036)
0.032**
(0.012)
0.008
(0.017)
− 0.017
(0.019)
0.003
(0.002)
West Germany − 0.082*
(0.034)
− 0.249**
(0.081)
− 1.080**
(0.375)
− 0.384**
(0.136)
− 0.134
(0.150)
0.115
(0.238)
− 0.000
(0.021)
Constant − 0.383
(0.240)
− 1.879**
(0.626)
− 4.198
(2.666)
− 3.340***
(0.969)
− 0.939
(1.111)
− 3.617*
(1.660)
0.135
(0.162)
Observations 1027 1027 1027 1020 1020 1025 1260
(Pseudo) R-squared 0.097   0.095     0.143
  1. Weighted to account for panel attrition from wave 7 to 8; Outcome variables Models 1 to 5: job search activity (yes/no); number of job search methods; job search intensity; number of hours spent searching; number of applications; Outcome variables Models 6 and 7: number of job interviews; employed (yes/no)
  2. Robust standard errors in parentheses; ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05, #p < 0. 1 0
  3. Estimation methods: alinear regression, bnegative binomial count data regression