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Table 13 Effects of unemployment stigma on subjective well-being (H1), health (H2), re-employment expectations (H3) and value placed on employment (H4) without imputation

From: The social stigma of unemployment: consequences of stigma consciousness on job search attitudes, behaviour and success

  H1: Subjective well-being H2: Health H3: Expectations H4: Value
Model 1a Model 2a Model 3a Model 4a
Stigma consciousness (0–10) − 0.323***
(0.035)
− 0.193***
(0.044)
− 0.042**
(0.015)
0.122***
(0.018)
Sample (R: population sample) − 0.242
(0.243)
0.044
(0.313)
0.027
(0.106)
− 0.021
(0.142)
Employment status at wave 6 (R: employed)
 Unemployed − 0.244
(0.178)
− 0.036
(0.247)
− 0.177*
(0.083)
− 0.207*
(0.094)
 Out of the labour force 0.152
(0.485)
− 0.118
(0.746)
0.109
(0.323)
0.301
(0.356)
Male − 0.294*
(0.124)
− 0.047
(0.160)
0.019
(0.054)
− 0.196**
(0.065)
Unemployment duration (years) 0.009
(0.015)
− 0.039#
(0.021)
− 0.018**
(0.005)
0.012
(0.007)
Number of previous unemployment episodes − 0.051
(0.071)
0.125
(0.106)
0.047
(0.036)
0.033
(0.038)
Age − 0.057
(0.043)
− 0.220***
(0.057)
0.017
(0.019)
0.017
(0.023)
Age2 0.001
(0.000)
0.002***
(0.001)
− 0.000*
(0.000)
− 0.000
(0.000)
Migration background 0.287#
(0.150)
0.411*
(0.191)
0.039
(0.068)
− 0.044
(0.080)
Education (R: Elementary) (CASMIN)
 Secondary − 0.068
(0.140)
− 0.074
(0.187)
− 0.094
(0.063)
− 0.189*
(0.081)
 Maturity − 0.217
(0.209)
0.649*
(0.265)
0.110
(0.097)
− 0.349***
(0.100)
 Tertiary − 0.280
(0.221)
0.621*
(0.264)
0.071
(0.094)
− 0.311**
(0.109)
Married 0.028
(0.164)
− 0.239
(0.208)
− 0.067
(0.076)
0.255**
(0.090)
Household size 0.076
(0.062)
0.137
(0.093)
− 0.022
(0.033)
− 0.026
(0.040)
Household income 0.015
(0.012)
0.026#
(0.015)
0.007
(0.006)
0.009
(0.007)
West Germany − 0.041
(0.134)
− 0.410*
(0.173)
0.047
(0.060)
− 0.081
(0.073)
Constant 8.841***
(0.904)
11.005***
(1.273)
2.392***
(0.431)
− 0.971#
(0.516)
Observations 1025 1026 1016 1021
R-squared 0.111 0.099 0.167 0.103
  1. Weighted to account for panel attrition from wave 7 to 8; Outcome variables Models 1 to 5: job search activity (yes/no); number of job search methods; job search intensity; number of hours spent searching; number of applications; Outcome variables Models 1 to 4: Life satisfaction (11-pt. scale); health satisfaction (11-pt. scale); self-assessed re-employment chances (4-pt. scale) factor score non-monetary motivation to work (continuous)
  2. Estimation methods: alinear regression