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Table 2 Studies on employment effects of the minimum wage in Germany

From: The effects of the new statutory minimum wage in Germany: a first assessment of the evidence

Author Method Indicator Effect
Jobs subject to social security contributions Marginal part-time jobs Total employment
Ahlfeldt et al. (2018) Regional variation; 401 counties Level Significant positive effect of around 0.06 percent
Bonin et al. (2018) Regional variation; 257 labour market regions Level No significant effect Significant negative effect between 1.5 to 3.0 percent Significant negative effect between 0.5 and 0.8 percent
Bonin et al. (2018) Regional variation, company level Level No significant effect Significant negative effect around 0.9 percent Significant negative effect around 0.7 percent
Bossler et al. (2018); Bossler und Gerner (forthcoming) Affected vs. non-affected companies Level Significant negative effect of around 1.7 percent in the affected companies (around 46 to 59 thousand jobs)
Caliendo et al. (2018) Regional variation, 141 labour market regions Level Ambiguous results, though mostly negative around 0.2 to 0.3 percent (corresponding to around 52 thousand jobs) Significant negative effect of around 3 percent (corresponding to around 189 thousand jobs) Significant negative effect of around 0.4 to 0.5 percent (corresponding to around 140 thousand Jobs)
Garloff (2017) Regional variation, 141 labour market regions, age, gender Rate of change Significant positive effect of around 0.4 percentage points higher growth rate Significant negative effect of around 1.1 percentage points lower growth rate Ambiguous results, though mostly negative around 0.01 to 0.1 percentage points lower growth rate
Holtemöller and Pohle (2017) State-industry variation, approx. 300 combinations Level Significant positive effect (no specific figures provided) Significant negative effect (no specific figures provided)
Schmitz (2017) Regional variation, 402 counties Rate of change Significant negative effect of around 0.1 percentage points lower growth rate Significant negative effect of around 1.0 to 1.4 percentage points lower growth rate
Stechert (2018) Regional variation, 402 counties, age, gender Rate of change Significant positive effect of around 0.2 percentage points higher growth rate (negative for 15 to 24 year old) Significant negative effect of around 0.3 percentage points lower growth rate (Ambiguous results for 15 to 24 year old) Significant positive effect of around 0.08 percentage points higher growth rate (negative for 15 to 24 year old)
  1. Source: Own compilation based on the studies mentioned in the table