Skip to main content

Table 5 OLS estimates, Eastern Germany

From: Broadband internet availability and establishments’ employment growth in Germany: evidence from instrumental variables estimations

Log empl. growth rate Manufacturing Services
DSL availability − 0.007 (− 0.572) 0.014 (1.228) − 0.008 (− 0.831) 0.008 (0.916)
Log full-time employment, est. 0.005 (2.68)*** − 0.000 (− 0.08) − 0.001 (− 0.78) − 0.001 (− 0.43)
Log median full-time wage, est. − 0.003 (− 0.41) 0.012 (1.30) 0.010 (1.93)* 0.011 (1.84)*
Young establishment (< 5 y.) 0.009 (0.84) − 0.007 (− 0.70) − 0.011 (− 1.33) − 0.019 (− 1.98)**
Mid-age establishment (5–14 y.) 0.002 (0.29) − 0.011 (− 2.17)** − 0.003 (− 0.62) − 0.011 (− 1.94)*
Share high-skilled 0.034 (3.61)*** 0.028 (1.88)* − 0.004 (− 0.42) − 0.006 (− 0.41)
Log full-time employment, mun. − 0.002 (− 1.00) − 0.000 (− 0.08) − 0.002 (− 0.78) − 0.001 (− 0.38)
Log full-time empl. density, mun. 0.002 (0.54) − 0.001 (− 0.34) − 0.001 (− 0.39) − 0.002 (− 0.55)
Log mean full-time wage, mun. 0.024 (1.08) 0.005 (0.22) 0.040 (1.58) 0.023 (1.09)
Log full-time empl. growth rate, mun. 0.052 (1.71)* 0.055 (1.73)* 0.004 (0.15) 0.041 (1.28)
Share high-skilled, municipality − 0.012 (− 0.26) 0.004 (0.11) 0.031 (0.72) 0.005 (0.14)
Year FE   Yes   Yes
Industry FE (3-digit)   Yes   Yes
District FE   Yes   Yes
Observations 26,472 26,472 51,882 51,882
Adjusted R2 0.005 0.031 0.001 0.022
  1. t statistics in parentheses. * p < 0.10, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01. All estimations weighted by full-time employment. Constant omitted from output. Standard errors clustered at the municipality level. Data sources: Broadband Atlas Germany, BHP 7510