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Table 15 Unweighted regressions

From: Broadband internet availability and establishments’ employment growth in Germany: evidence from instrumental variables estimations

Log empl. growth rate Western Germany Eastern Germany
OLS IV (second stage) OLS
Manufacturing
DSL availability − 0.039 (− 2.48)** − 0.016 (− 0.94) − 0.022 (− 0.31) − 0.051 (− 0.62) 0.002 (0.28) 0.003 (0.36)
Establishment controls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Municipality controls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Year FE   Yes   Yes   Yes
Industry FE (3-digit)   Yes   Yes   Yes
District FE   Yes   Yes   Yes
Observations 14,823 14,823 14,823 14,823 26,472 26,472
Adjusted R2 0.003 − 0.000 0.003 − 0.001 0.001 0.002
Services (controls and FE as above)
DSL availability − 0.008 (− 0.53) − 0.007 (− 0.45) 0.239 (2.80)*** 0.255 (2.94)*** − 0.004 (− 0.64) − 0.005 (− 0.69)
Observations 18,650 18,650 18,650 18,650 51,882 51,882
Adjusted R2 0.002 0.001 .a − 0.013 0.001 0.002
  1. aNot reported because model sum of squares is negative. Data sources: Broadband Atlas Germany, Deutsche Telekom, BHP 7510
  2. t statistics in parentheses. * p < 0.10, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01. Constant omitted from output. Standard errors clustered at the municipality level