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Table 10 Long difference estimates, Eastern Germany

From: Broadband internet availability and establishments’ employment growth in Germany: evidence from instrumental variables estimations

Dep. var.: \(\Delta { \ln }\left( {\frac{{L_{it + 1} }}{{L_{it} }}} \right)\) t = 2006 t = 2007 t = 2008
Manuf. Services Manuf. Services Manuf. Services
∆DSL availability 0.031 (0.62) 0.021 (0.39) 0.103 (2.14)** 0.086 (1.93)* 0.046 (0.69) 0.171 (2.33)**
Establishment controls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Municipality controls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Observations 3732 6443 3588 6148 3424 5777
Adjusted R2 0.093 0.054 0.118 0.103 0.116 0.202
  1. t statistics in parentheses. * p < 0.10, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01. All estimations weighted by full-time employment. Constant omitted from output. Standard errors clustered at the municipality level. Data sources: Broadband Atlas Germany, Deutsche Telekom, BHP 7510