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Table 8 Multinomial logistic regression for the subpopulation of 20–29 years old (N M1 = 584 M2 = 545)

From: Youth unemployment and employment trajectories in Spain during the Great Recession: what are the determinants?

Reference: stable employment trajectory M1 M2
B OR B OR
Precarious trajectory
Constant 0.597 (0.47)   − 1.898 (0.69) **
Female 0.357 (0.23) 1.429 0.368 (0.26) 1.445
Male 0 1 0 1
20–24 years old 0.821 (0.26) 2.273** 0.759 (0.33) 2.136*
25–29 years old 0 1 0 1
Born in Spain − 1.295 (0.30) 0.274* − 0.561 (0.35) 0.571
Born abroad 0 1 0 1
Compulsory or less 0.314 (0.28) 1.369 0.397 (0.35) 1.487
Post-compulsory secondary 0.332 (0.29) 1.394 0.336 (0.34) 1.399
Higher education 0 1 0 1
Parents: business owners and managers 0.482 (0.48) 1.619 0.659 (0.53) 1.933
Parents: scientific. intellectual and liberal professions − 0.238 (0.48) 0.788 − 0.223 (0.52) 0.800
Parents: middle management and technical employees 0.337 (0.50) 1.400 0.933 (0.56) 2.541
Parents: skilled and semi-skilled workers − 0.263 (0.35) 0.769 − 0.347 (0.38) 0.707
Parents: low-skilled workers 0 1 0 1
Highest occup. status TPR: low-skilled    2.060 (0.55) 7.845*
Highest occup. status TPR: semi-skilled    0.645 (0.30) 1.906
Highest occup. status TPR: high-skilled    0 1
Experienced unemployment or unstable employment in TPR    1.692 (0.41) 5.429*
Not unemployment or unstable employment in TPR    0 1
Length TPR    − 0.109 (0.06) 0.897
Non-salaried employment trajectory
Constant − 4.683 (1.66) ** − 8.227 (2.01) **
Female − 1.413 (0.61) 0.243* − 1.216 (0.67) 0.296
Male 0 1 0 1
20–24 years old 0.238 (0.48) 1.269 2.116 (0.75) 8.294*
25–29 years old 0 1 0 1
Born in Spain 2.052 (1.46) 7.783 2.023 (1.49) 7.562
Born abroad 0 1 0 1
Compulsory or less 1.539 (0.70) 4.659* − 0.031 (0.84) 0.970
Post-compulsory secondary 1.733 (0.72) 5.657* 1.142 (0.77) 3.134
Higher education 0 1 0 1
Parents: business owners and managers 1.224 (0.77) 3.400 2.109 (0.89) 8.241
Parents: scientific, intellectual and liberal professions − 0.198 (0.96) 0.821 0.844 (1.05) 2.325
Parents: middle management and technical employees − 0.086 (0.96) 0.918 1.402 (1.08) 4.065
Parents: skilled and semi-skilled workers − 0.356 (0.65) 0.701 0.222 (0.72) 1.248
Parents: low-skilled workers 0 1 0 1
Highest occup. status TPR: low-skilled    2.878 (0.87) 17.776*
Highest occup. status TPR: semi-skilled    1.087 (0.66) 2.964
Highest occup. status TPR: high-skilled    0 1
Experienced unemployment or unstable employment in TPR    0.463 (0.52) 1.589
Not unemployment or unstable employment in TPR    0 1
Length TPR    0.441 (0.15) 1.554*
Temporary employment trajectory
Constant − 0.454 (0.52)   − 3.153 (0.81) **
Female 0.275 (0.24) 1.316 0.218 (0.26) 1.244
Male 0 1 0 1
20–24 years old 0.569 (0.28) 1.766 0.125 (0.35) 1.134
25–29 years old 0 1 0 1
Born in Spain − 0.364 (0.35) 0.695 0.354 (0.40) 1.425
Born abroad 0 1 0 1
Compulsory or less 0.394 (0.28) 1.482 0.619 (0.35) 1.857
Post-compulsory secondary 0.144 (0.31) 1.155 0.176 (0.35) 1.193
Higher education 0 1 0 1
Parents: business owners and managers 0.026 (0.56) 1.026 − 0.176 (0.60) 0.838
Parents: scientific, intellectual and liberal professions − 0.255 (0.54) 0.775 − 0.651 (0.58) 0.522
Parents: middle management and technical employees 0.309 (0.54) 1.363 0.819 (0.60) 2.268
Parents: skilled and semi-skilled workers 0.037 (0.38) 1.038 − 0.021 (0.41) 0.979
Parents: low-skilled workers 0 1 0 1
Highest occup. status TPR: low-skilled    1.781 (0.56) 5.939*
Highest occup. status TPR: semi-skilled    0.331 (0.30) 1.393
Highest occup. status TPR: high-skilled    0 1
Experienced unemployment or unstable employment in TPR    2.680 (0.55) 14.591*
Not unemployment or unstable employment in TPR    0 1
Length TPR    − 0.186 (0.06) 0.830*
  1. Influence of socio-demographic characteristics of respondents and characteristics of the trajectory experienced prior to the recession on the type of labour trajectory. Beta coefficients, standard error (in brackets) and Odds Ratio
  2. R2 Nagelkerke M1 = 0.163; M2 = 0.322
  3. Source: Calculated by authors based on the 2012 Catalan Youth Survey data
  4. ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05