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Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression. Influence of socio-demographic characteristics of respondents and characteristics of the trajectory experienced prior to the recession on the type of labour trajectory during the recession. Beta coefficients, standard error (in brackets) and Odds Ratio

From: Youth unemployment and employment trajectories in Spain during the Great Recession: what are the determinants?

Reference: Stable employment trajectory Precarious trajectory Non-salaried employment trajectory Temporary employment trajectory
M1 M2 M1 M2 M1 M2
B OR B OR B OR B OR B OR B OR
Constant 0.245 (0.33)   − 1.633 (0.47) ** − 1.300 (0.54) * − 0.920 (0.61)   − 0.746 (0.38) * − 1.988 (0.52) **
Female 0.024 (0.15) 1.024 0.034 (0.17) 1.035 − 0.729 (0.22) 0.482** − 0.715 (0.23) 0.489** − 0.113 (0.16) 0.894 − 0.179 (0.17) 0.836
Male 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
20–24 years old 1.388 (0.26) 4.008** 1.195 (0.35) 3.305** − 0.380 (0.43) 0.684 − 0.289 (0.52) 0.749 1.306 (0.28) 3.692** 0.478 (0.36) 1.613
25–29 years old 0.640 (0.16) 1.896** 0.317 (0.21) 1.374 − 0.725 (0.25) 0.484** − 0.729 (0.30) 0.482* 0.723 (0.17) 2.060** 0.257 (0.21) 1.292
30–34 years old 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
Born in Spain − 1.502 (0.22) 0.223** − 0.978 (0.26) 0.376** − 0.293 (0.36) 0.746 − 0.271 (0.40) 0.762 − 0.589 (0.26) 0.555* − 0.109 (0.30) 0.897
Born abroad 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
Compulsory or less 0.783 (0.19) 2.189** 0.497 (0.24) 1.644* 0.483 (0.24) 1.621* 0.471 (0.33) 1.601 0.226 (0.19) 1.253 0.595 (0.25) 1.813*
Post − compulsory secondary − 0.232 (0.21) 0.793 − 0.466 (0.24) 0.628 − 0.419 (0.28) 0.658 − 0.515 (0.32) 0.597 − 0.367 (0.21) 0.693 − 0.136 (0.24) 0.873
Higher education 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
Parents: Business owners and managers 0.158 (0.34) 1.171 0.511 (0.37) 1.666 1.734 (0.47) 5.662** 1.898 (0.50) 6.672** − 0.050 (0.40) 0.952 − 0.190 (0.43) 0.827
Parents: Parents: Scientific. intellectual and liberal professions − 0.207 (0.32) 0.813 − 0.086 (0.35) 0.918 0.302 (0.51) 1.353 0.501 (0.54) 1.650 − 0.195 (0.37) 0.823 − 0.336 (0.39) 0.714
Parents: Middle management and technical employees 0.065 (0.31) 1.068 0.277 (0.34) 1.319 0.928 (0.47) 2.530* 1.136 (0.50) 3.113* 0.250 (0.36) 1.284 0.222 (0.37) 1.249
Parents: Skilled and semi-skilled workers − 0.158 (0.24) 0.854 − 0.167 (0.26) 0.846 0.348 (0.41) 1.416 0.460 (0.43) 1.584 0.303 (0.28) 1.354 0.258 (0.29) 1.295
Parents: Low-skilled workers 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
Highest occ.status TPR: Low-skilled    1.995 (0.39) 7.356**    0.880 (0.51) 2.411    0.873 (0.41) 2.394*
Highest occ.status TPR: Semi-skilled    0.725 (0.21) 2.066**    − 0.253 (0.26) 0.777    − 0.103 (0.20) 0.902
Highest occ.status TPR: High-skilled    0 1    0 1    0 1
Experienced unemployment or unstable employment in TPR    1.316 (0.27) 3.729**    − 0.762 (0.22) 0.467**    1.804 (0.32) 6.074**
Not unempl. or unstable employment in TPR    0 1    0 1    0 1
Length TPR    − 0.041 (0.03) 0.960    0.020 (0.04) 1.020    − 0.122 (0.03) 0.886**
  1. R2 Nagelkerke M1 = 0.196; M2 = 0.292
  2. Valid N M1 = 1281; M2 = 1197
  3. Source: Calculated by authors based on the 2012 Catalan Youth Survey data
  4. ** p < 0.01. * p < 0.05