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Table 4 Career patterns (job mobility) for West German men only (1945–2008)

From: Entry of men into the labour market in West Germany and their career mobility (1945–2008)Berufseintritt von Männern in Westdeutschland und ihre Karrieremobilität (1945–2008)

  Upward mobility Lateral mobility Downward mobility
Model 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Individual characteristics
Education 0.027 0.088 0.085 0.001 0.011 0.006 −0.021 −0.031 −0.044
(0.004)**** (0.005)**** (0.005)**** (0.003) (0.004)*** (0.004) (0.005)**** (0.006)**** (0.007)****
Age effect
Labour force experience −0.009 −0.009 −0.010 −0.008 −0.008 −0.008 −0.007 −0.007 −0.008
(0.000)**** (0.000)**** (0.000)**** (0.000)**** (0.000)**** (0.000)**** (0.000)**** (0.000)**** (0.000)****
Cohort effect
Prestige of first job   −0.027 −0.027   −0.003 −0.004   0.003 0.003
  (0.001)**** (0.001)****   (0.001)**** (0.001)****   (0.001)*** (0.001)***
Period effects
Modernisation level    0.068    0.111    0.152
   (0.028)**    (0.019)****    (0.030)****
Labour market condition    0.040    0.042    −0.100
   (0.022)*    (0.015)***    (0.025)****
Intercept −5.064 −4.041 −3.987 −4.181 −4.051 −3.973 −5.011 −5.129 −5.056
(0.042)**** (0.063)**** (0.065)**** (0.029)**** (0.039)**** (0.041)**** (0.047)**** (0.061)**** (0.064)****
Log likelihood L0 −10,005.649 −10,005.649 −10,005.649 −16,661.661 −16,661.661 −16,661.661 −8547.017 −8547.017 −8547.017
Log likelihood L1 −9440.308 −9142.912 −9137.340 −15,685.645 −15,672.606 −15,649.352 −8200.662 −8196.344 −8177.770
LR chi2 (d.f.) 1130.68 (2) 1725.47 (3) 1736.62 (5) 1952.03 (2) 1978.11 (3) 2024.62 (5) 692.71 (2) 701.35 (3) 738.49 (5)
Number of sub-episodes 71,448 71,448 71,448 71,448 71,448 71,448 71,448 71,448 71,448
Number of events 2680 2680 2680 5652 5652 5652 2218 2218 2218
  1. Sources: GLHS and ALWA – own calculations
  2. * p ≤ 0.1; ** p ≤ 0.05; ***p ≤ 0.01; **** p ≤ 0.001