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Table 1 Summary of hypothesised effects

From: Entry of men into the labour market in West Germany and their career mobility (1945–2008)Berufseintritt von Männern in Westdeutschland und ihre Karrieremobilität (1945–2008)

   Static approaches Semi-static approaches Dynamic approaches
Variable Mobility Status attainment approach Human capital theory Job competition theory  
Education Upward + + + (+)
  Downward   (−)
Time in labour force Upward   (−)
(Life-course effect) Downward     
Prestige of first job Upward  
(Cohort effect) Downward   + + +
Level of modernisation Upward     +
(Period effect) Downward    
Labour market conditions Upward     +
(Period effect) Downward