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Table 4 Temporary employment and productivity growth (TE2–FE)

From: The impact of temporary employment on productivityAuswirkungen befristeter Beschäftigung auf die Produktivität

  ∆ Log LP ∆ Log TFP
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
  FE FE FE FE
∆ Log ProductivityL 0.203
(0.028)***
0.198
(0.028)***
0.198
(0.031)***
0.197
(0.031)***
Log Relative Productivity −0.023
(0.009)**
−0.020
(0.008)**
−0.043
(0.011)***
−0.047
(0.011)***
EPL 0.009
(0.010)
0.010
(0.007)*
0.007
(0.009)
0.007
(0.009)
EPL*FJR −0.129
(0.052)**
−0.133
(0.049)***
−0.108
(0.049)**
−0.113
(0.050)**
TE −0.106
(0.030)***
−0.080
(0.031)***
−0.093
(0.032)***
−0.083
(0.032)**
TE2 0.044
(0.044)
0.018
(0.042)
0.053
(0.044)
0.050
(0.044)
TE*SSII −0.052
(0.016)***
−0.055
(0.032)*
TUD −0.002
(0.001)*
−0.002
(0.001)*
−0.002
(0.001)*
−0.002
(0.001)*
PMR −0.001
(0.001)
−0.001
(0.001)
−0.001
(0.001)
−0.001
(0.001)
COUNTRY DUMMIES YES YES YES YES
YEAR DUMMIES YES YES YES YES
Observations 1950 1950 1800 1800
R-squared 0.186 0.193 0.103 0.104
  1. FE fixed effects (dummy variable regression), EPL employment protection legislation, FJR frictionless job reallocation, TE the share of temporary employment, TUD trade union density, PMR product market regulation
  2. HAC Robust standard errors in brackets
  3. * significant at 10%, ** significant at 5%, *** significant at 1%