# Tab. 4 Probit Regressions by Family Background, Overqualification

Dependent variable: Overqualification
Low PE High PE
(1) (2)
(Pre-)Study characteristics:
Vocational education 0.003 (0.025) 0.019 (0.022)
School grade $$-$$ 0.012 (0.011) 0.006 (0.009)
University grade $$-$$ 0.041 $${}^{***}$$ (0.010) $$-$$ 0.037 $${}^{***}$$ (0.008)
Duration of study 0.020 $${}^{*}$$ (0.011) 0.007 (0.009)
University types, Subjects: a
Univ.: Medicine & Law $$-$$ 0.216 $${}^{***}$$ (0.013) $$-$$ 0.163 $${}^{***}$$ (0.012)
Univ.: Teaching $$-$$ 0.144 $${}^{***}$$ (0.022) $$-$$ 0.111 $${}^{***}$$ (0.012)
Univ.: STEM Subjects $$-$$ 0.147 $${}^{***}$$ (0.024) $$-$$ 0.131 $${}^{***}$$ (0.017)
UAS: STEM Subjects $$-$$ 0.081 $${}^{***}$$ (0.030) $$-$$ 0.086 $${}^{***}$$ (0.016)
Univ.: Bus & Econ 0.024 (0.035) $$-$$ 0.045 $${}^{**}$$ (0.020)
UAS: Bus & Econ 0.085 (0.052) $$-$$ 0.025 (0.035)
UAS: Soc & Cult Science $$-$$ 0.117 $${}^{***}$$ (0.032) $$-$$ 0.021 (0.036)
Job found through:
Agency of parents/friends 0.129 $${}^{***}$$ (0.041) 0.151 $${}^{***}$$ (0.041)
Job before studying 0.086 $${}^{*}$$ (0.045) 0.175 $${}^{***}$$ (0.065)
Job while studying 0.102 $${}^{***}$$ (0.033) 0.070 $${}^{**}$$ (0.029)
Internship $$-$$ 0.088 $${}^{***}$$ (0.024) $$-$$ 0.050 $${}^{***}$$ (0.018)
Worked during study: b
Yes: related to subject $$-$$ 0.081 $${}^{***}$$ (0.027) $$-$$ 0.001 (0.021)
Yes: not related to subject $$-$$ 0.043 (0.028) 0.028 (0.028)
Study was financed by:
Own work (in %) 0.001 $${}^{**}$$ (0.000) $$-$$ 0.000 (0.000)
Parental support (in %) 0.000 (0.000) $$-$$ 0.000 (0.000)
Distance work and native place: c
Between 50 km and 100 km $$-$$ 0.073 $${}^{***}$$ (0.022) 0.017 (0.025)
More than 100 km $$-$$ 0.073 $${}^{***}$$ (0.021) $$-$$ 0.035 $${}^{**}$$ (0.017)
Improve career prospects:
Commitment to the job $$-$$ 0.016 (0.020) $$-$$ 0.041 $${}^{**}$$ (0.016)
Gained experience abroad $$-$$ 0.038 $${}^{*}$$ (0.022) $$-$$ 0.030 $${}^{*}$$ (0.016)
Established social networks $$-$$ 0.012 (0.020) 0.030 $${}^{*}$$ (0.016)
Have been mobile $$-$$ 0.044 $${}^{**}$$ (0.022) $$-$$ 0.009 (0.018)
Attended additional courses 0.008 (0.020) 0.017 (0.016)
Future goals:
Above-average performance $$-$$ 0.023 (0.021) $$-$$ 0.041 $${}^{**}$$ (0.018)
Fully exploit own potential 0.001 (0.024) 0.034 $${}^{*}$$ (0.018)
Fill a leading position 0.007 (0.020) $$-$$ 0.013 (0.017)
Socio-demographics d Yes   Yes
Observations 1997   1709
Pseudo $$R^{2}$$ 0.150   0.202
1. Probit estimations; Marginal effects (at the average); Standard errors in parentheses a Reference: Univ: Social & Cultural Sciences b Reference: Not worked during study c Reference: Less than 50 km d Socio-demographic controls include age and dummies for gender, being married, and having children; Significant at 1 % $${}^{***}$$, significant at 5 % $${}^{**}$$, significant at 10 % $${}^{*}$$.