Skip to main content

Tab. 3 Probit Regressions, Overqualification

From: Overqualification of graduates: assessing the role of family backgroundÜberqualifikation von Hochschulabsolventen: Welche Rolle spielt der familiäre Hintergrund?

  Dependent variable: Overqualification
  (1) (2) (3)
High PE a \(-\) 0.062 \({}^{***}\) (0.013) \(-\) 0.041 \({}^{***}\) (0.013) \(-\) 0.033 \({}^{**}\) (0.014)
(Pre-)Study characteristics:       
Vocational education    0.021 (0.017) 0.011 (0.017)
School grade \(-\) 0.023 \({}^{***}\) (0.007) \(-\) 0.010 (0.007) \(-\) 0.004 (0.007)
University grade \(-\) 0.050 \({}^{***}\) (0.007) \(-\) 0.053 \({}^{***}\) (0.007) \(-\) 0.041 \({}^{***}\) (0.007)
Duration of study    0.017 \({}^{**}\) (0.007) 0.014 \({}^{**}\) (0.007)
University types, Subjects: b       
Univ.: Medicine & Law    \(-\) 0.205 \({}^{***}\) (0.008) \(-\) 0.194 \({}^{***}\) (0.008)
Univ.: Teaching    \(-\) 0.136 \({}^{***}\) (0.013) \(-\) 0.134 \({}^{***}\) (0.012)
Univ.: STEM Subjects    \(-\) 0.164 \({}^{***}\) (0.014) \(-\) 0.146 \({}^{***}\) (0.014)
UAS: STEM Subjects    \(-\) 0.103 \({}^{***}\) (0.017) \(-\) 0.091 \({}^{***}\) (0.017)
Univ.: Bus & Econ    \(-\) 0.038 \({}^{**}\) (0.019) \(-\) 0.020 (0.020)
UAS: Bus & Econ    0.019 (0.032) 0.031 (0.033)
UAS: Soc & Cult Science    \(-\) 0.085 \({}^{***}\) (0.023) \(-\) 0.078 \({}^{***}\) (0.023)
Job found through:       
Agency of parents/friends      0.143 \({}^{***}\) (0.029)
Job before studying      0.109 \({}^{***}\) (0.035)
Job while studying      0.086 \({}^{***}\) (0.022)
Internship      \(-\) 0.069 \({}^{***}\) (0.015)
Worked during study: c       
Yes: related to subject      \(-\) 0.042 \({}^{**}\) (0.018)
Yes: not related to subject      \(-\) 0.012 (0.019)
Study was financed by:       
Own work (in %)      0.001 \({}^{*}\) (0.000)
Parental support (in %)      0.000 (0.000)
Distance work and native place: d       
Between 50 km and 100 km      \(-\) 0.034 \({}^{**}\) (0.016)
More than 100 km      \(-\) 0.051 \({}^{***}\) (0.014)
Improve career prospects:       
Commitment to the job      \(-\) 0.031 \({}^{**}\) (0.013)
Gained experience abroad      \(-\) 0.035 \({}^{***}\) (0.014)
Established social networks      0.006 (0.013)
Have been mobile      \(-\) 0.027 \({}^{*}\) (0.014)
Attended additional courses      0.011 (0.013)
Future goals:       
Above-average performance      \(-\) 0.029 \({}^{**}\) (0.014)
Fully exploit own potential      0.019 (0.015)
Fill a leading position      \(-\) 0.002 (0.013)
Socio-demographics e Yes   Yes   Yes  
Observations 3706   3706   3706  
Pseudo \(R^{2}\) 0.047   0.126   0.166  
  1. Probit estimations; Marginal effects (at the average); Standard errors in parentheses a Takes value one if at least one parent has a tertiary degree and zero otherwise b Reference: Univ: Social & Cultural Sciences c Reference: Not worked during study d Reference: Less than 50 km e Socio-demographic controls include age and dummies for gender, being married, and having children; Significant at 1 % \({}^{***}\), significant at 5 % \({}^{**}\), significant at 10 % \({}^{*}\).