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Table 3 Pay dispersion and low pay incidence in Germany. (Source: OECD Employment Statistics Database)

From: Not so standard anymore? Employment duality in GermanyVom Normalarbeitsverhältnis zu atypischen Verträgen? Die Dualisierung des deutschen Arbeitsmarktes

  2002 2005 2012 Difference 2012–2002
All persons
Low pay incidence 17.616 18.300 18.289 0.673
Decile 5/decile 1 1.769 1.869 1.769 0.000
Decile 9/decile 1 3.073 3.179 3.255 0.183
Decile 9/decile 5 1.737 1.701 1.840 0.103
Women    2011 Difference 2011–2002
Low pay incidence 28.500 30.700 26.930 − 1.570
Decile 5/decile 1 1.786 1.8333 1.87 0.084
Decile 9/decile 1 2.928 3.1597 3.164 0.236
Decile 9/decile 5 1.639 1.7235 1.692 0.053
Men    2011 Difference 2011–2002
Low pay incidence 12.110 12.220 13.510 1.400
Decile 5/decile 1 1.688 1.6932 1.755 0.067
Decile 9/decile 1 3.019 2.8793 3.186 0.167
Decile 9/decile 5 1.789 1.7005 1.816 0.027