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Table 1 Labour market developments in Germany, 2000–2013. (Source: Eurostat)

From: Not so standard anymore? Employment duality in GermanyVom Normalarbeitsverhältnis zu atypischen Verträgen? Die Dualisierung des deutschen Arbeitsmarktes

  2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Employment rate (15–64 years) 65.6 65.8 65.4 65.0 65.0 65.5 67.2 69.0 70.1 70.3 71.1 72.5 72.8 73.3
Unemployment rate (15–64 years) 8.0 7.9 8.7 9.8 10.5 11.3 10.3 8.7 7.5 7.8 7.1 5.9 5.5 5.3
Full- time equivalent employment rates of men and women
In total 65.6 65.8 65.4 65.0 65.0 65.5 67.2 69.0 70.1 70.3 71.1 72.5 72.8 73.3
Men 72.9 72.8 71.8 70.9 70.8 71.3 72.8 74.7 75.8 75.4 76.0 77.3 77.6 77.7
Women 58.1 58.7 58.9 58.9 59.2 59.6 61.5 63.2 64.3 65.2 66.1 67.7 68.0 68.8
Employment rates by age group
15–64 years 65.6 65.8 65.4 65.0 65.0 65.5 67.2 69.0 70.1 70.3 71.1 72.5 72.8 73.3
15–24 years 47.2 47.0 45.7 44.2 41.9 41.9 43.5 45.4 46.6 46.0 46.2 47.9 46.6 46.8
25–54 years 79.3 79.3 78.7 77.9 78.1 77.4 78.8 80.3 80.9 80.8 81.5 82.8 83.2 83.3
55–64 years 37.6 37.9 38.9 39.9 41.8 45.5 48.1 51.3 53.7 56.1 57.7 59.9 61.5 63.5
Employment rates by educational level
All levels 65.3 65.7 65.4 64.9 64.3 65.5 67.2 69.0 70.1 70.3 71.1 72.5 72.8 73.3
Pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education 55.3 44.9 43.6 42.6 40.7 42.3 44.1 44.8 45.6 45.3 45.4 52.7 52.7 53.2
Upper secondary and post-secondary non tertiary education 69.9 69.9 69.8 69.0 68.2 69.4 71.2 73.1 74.0 73.9 74.7 76.0 76.4 76.9
First and second stage of tertiary education 83.0 83.2 83.0 82.9 82.6 82.8 84.2 85.3 85.7 86.3 86.7 87.6 87.6 87.5
Unemployment and long-term unemployment
Unemployment 8.0 7.9 8.7 9.8 10.5 11.3 10.3 8.7 7.5 7.8 7.1 5.9 5.5 5.3
Long- term unemployment 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.9 5.9 6.0 5.8 4.9 4.0 3.5 3.4 2.8 2.5 2.4