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Table 2 Decomposition of gender wage differential: Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition with sample selection

From: Gender and caste-based wage discrimination in India: some recent evidenceGeschlecht und Kaste-ansässige Lohndiskriminierung in Indien: Einige Neue Beweise

Components Rural Urban
ALL NSC SC/ST ALL NSC SC/ST
Prediction (Male) 2.091 2.166 1.986 2.748 2.783 2.631
(0.004) (0.006) (0.006) (0.007) (0.008) (0.015)
Prediction (Female) 1.411 1.406 1.412 2.207 2.324 2.083
(0.020) (0.030) (0.028) (0.138) (0.189) (0.169)
Raw differential 0.680 0.760 0.574 0.541 0.459 0.547
(0.021) (0.030) (0.028) (0.139) (0.190) (0.170)
Using males wage structure:
Explained differential 0.226 0.244 0.179 0.100 0.080 0.112
(0.006) (0.008) (0.008) (0.013) (0.015) (0.024)
Unexplained differential 0.454 0.516 0.394 0.441 0.379 0.436
(0.021) (0.031) (0.029) (0.138) (0.189) (0.169)
Proportion of explained differential 0.332 0.321 0.312 0.185 0.174 0.204
Proportion of unexplained differential 0.668 0.679 0.688 0.815 0.826 0.796
Using females wage structure:
Explained differential 0.266 0.289 0.196 0.082 0.068 0.064
(0.014) (0.020) (0.019) (0.021) (0.023) (0.050)
Unexplained differential 0.414 0.471 0.372 0.459 0.391 0.483
(0.017) (0.025) (0.023) (0.133) (0.186) (0.152)
Proportion of explained differential 0.391 0.380 0.342 0.151 0.148 0.118
Proportion of unexplained differential 0.609 0.620 0.658 0.849 0.852 0.882
Observations 31720 17842 13878 15063 11461 3602
  1. Notes: ‘NSC’ denotes non-scheduled castes group (other backward classes and others), and ‘SC/ST’ denotes scheduled castes group (scheduled castes and scheduled tribes). Standard errors are in parentheses